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FORMATION des MOTS - DERIVATION - PREFIXES

WORD FORMATION

Origin - Dictionaries - Examples -
Flashcards -
Interactive exercises
- Exercises to print
-
Lesson plans
-
Webquests -
Interactive games
- Cartoons - Poems
- Videos - Songs

(Updated on 05/02/2013)




Sites complémentaires :

'Portmanteau words' + Noms composés + Adjectifs composés + SUFFIXES
+ Phobies

 


Origin :

  • Cars and Carriages
    "Car and carriage, and many other words containing the element car, derive from the Latin word carrus, meaning “two-wheeled wagon.”
    This post lists and defines many of the words descended from carrus."

    (dailywritingtips.com)
  • French and Latin Diplomatic Terms
    "For hundreds of years, France was a world power militarily, economically, and culturally, and thus its language became the political, well, lingua franca. Although the nation is no longer a superpower (yet influential in world affairs), the French language is still well represented in the vocabulary of diplomacy—as is its precursor, Latin. This post lists and defines words adopted directly from French (and Latin) into diplomatic discourse, now dominated by English. (Each term is followed by an English translation. Latin terms are designated with the abbreviation L.; all other terms are from French.)"

    (dailywritingtips.com)
  • English Words Borrowed From Arabic - Text + Audio + Pictures + Quiz
    (learningenglish.voanews.com)

  • Some Very 'American' Words Come from Chinese - Text + Audio + Pictures + Quiz
    "Many of the Chinese words that are now part of English were borrowed long ago.
    They are most often from Cantonese or other Chinese languages rather than Mandarin."

    (learningenglish.voanews.com)

  • English Words Borrowed From the Americas
    "On a recent program, we told you the stories of some English words borrowed from Japanese.
    Today, we will tell you about words English has taken from languages of the Americas.
    The Americas include North America, South America and the Caribbean."

    (learningenglish.voanews.com)

  • American English Words Borrowed from Japanese - Text + Audio + Pictures
    "You can learn a lot about history and culture by looking at what led to the borrowing of certain words.
    Today, we will tell you the story of words that English has borrowed from Japanese."

    (learningenglish.voanews.com)


    The English word "tycoon" comes from the Japanese "taikun," which means "great lord or prince."
    Pictured is Tokugawa Iemitsu, the shogun of Japan from 1604-1651.

  • Words from around the world (bookhooks.com)

  • Video: The Origin of English Words
    "Explore the origin of some everyday English words in this fun, short video provided by EF Englishtown."
    (jeffreyhill.typepad.com)

 

  • The Routes of English - "Choose a time period to find out the comings and goings of the English language in that era." (BBC)



  • List of Greek and Latin roots in English (Wikipedia)

  • Multicultural Words - a list
    "Many words from other languages have found their way into the English language.
    Some imported words were adopted directly into English, while others came to English by way of other languages."

    (academic.cuesta.edu)


  • Words and phrases (wordorigins.org)
    "selected because their origins are inherently interesting or because some bit of folklore, sometimes true and sometimes false, is associated with the origin."

Dictionaries :

  • The Phrontistery
    "Here, you will find the International House of Logorrhea (an online dictionary of obscure and rare words),
    the Compendium of Lost Words (a compilation of ultra-rare forgotten words),
    and many other glossaries, word lists, essays, and other language and etymology resources."

    (phrontistery.info)
  • Word Information
    Robertson's Words for a Modern Age: A Dictionary of Latin and Greek Words used in Modern English Vocabulary
    (wordinfo.info)

 

 

Examples :

  • 35 Numerical Prefixes
    "This post lists prefixes of Greek and/or Latin provenance used in expressions of numerical relationships, with examples."

    (dailywritingtips.com)

  • 15+ Words with “syn” or a Variation
    "The Greek prefix syn-, meaning “together,” and two alternative forms combine with many other word elements to form terms pertaining to community or unity.
    This post lists and briefly defines the most common of these words, along with literal definitions of the root word."

    (dailywritingtips.com)
  • The Prefix “Hyper” and Related Words
    "Words with the Greek prefix hyper– (meaning “above,” “beyond,” or “over”) are listed and defined in this post.
    (A subsequent post will focus on words with the antonymic prefix hypo.)"

    (dailywritingtips.com)
  • The Diversity of Over- and Under- Compounds
    (dailywritingtips.com)

  • Words Starting with “Epi-“
    "The prefix epi, from the Greek word meaning “at,” “close to,” “on,” “in addition to,” or “on the occasion of,” is at the root of a number of diverse words that pertain in some way to something associated with something else. This post lists and briefly defines many of these terms."

    (dailywritingtips.com)

  • 40 Words Beginning with “Para-“
    "The prefix para- is versatile, meaning “beside,” “closely related,” or “closely resembling”; “accessory” or “subsidiary”; “beyond”; or “abnormal” or “faulty.” The commonality is that a word beginning with para- pertains to the relationship or resemblance of something to something else.
    This post lists and briefly defines words with the prefix.
    "
    (dailywritingtips.com)
  • The Vocabularist: How we use the word cyber - 15 March 2016
    "The prefix "cyber-" is now a handy way of denoting words to do with the internet - from cybercrime, cyberbullying and cybersecurity
    to improbable activities such as cybersnogging. It followed an eventful path to reach its modern meaning."

    (BBC)


    "Cyber- words became a popular theme to do with robots or near-robots,
    including Dr Who's enemies the cybermen."

     

    Colorful Words from Latin
    "Among the many Latin words that inform the English vocabulary are several that derive from Roman words for colors."

    (dailywritingtips.com)
  • Etymology
    "Most vocabulary words are derived from Latin or Greek etymologies.
    Here you will find access to phobias (fears, terrors, dreads), manias, and many other words listed in thematic units of English vocabulary words."

    (wyzant.com)

 

 

  • Killers and Killing - with definitions
    "All of these words end in 'cide', from Latin caedere, to kill.
    However, some of them refer exclusively to the act of killing a specific thing (e.g. herbicide) while others can refer alternately to the act itself or
    to the person performing the act (e.g. homicide)."

    (phrontistery.info)

 

  • Fighting and Combat - with definitions
    "These words, all very obscure, refer to fighting, combat or conflict, whether actual or metaphorical, using the suffix "machy"
    (from the Greek mache, a fight)."

    (phrontistery.info)

     

  • Adjectives of relation
    ex : aestival = of, like or pertaining to summer
    avian = of, like or pertaining to birds

    (phrontistery.info)

  • phobo-, phob-, -phobia, -phobias, -phobe, -phobiac, -phobist, -phobic, -phobism, -phobous

    ablutophobia - with a funny illustration (COPYRIGHT)
    (wordinfo.info)

 

  • World of Words (askoxford.com)
    "English is a language on the move, with many hundreds of new words and phrases coming into existence every year. Although these are picked up by Oxford's worldwide monitoring programme, many of these coinages have only a fleeting lifespan and may never appear in the dictionary. This monthly feature takes a look at some of the most recent and interesting words, phrases, and other language changes which have caught our eye and which could be vying for a place in one of our future dictionaries."

 

  • Prefixes - with meaning, examples and an interactive quiz. (anglaisfacile.com)

  • Medical Terminology : (ec.hku.hk)
    Prefixes / Suffixes / Medical word roots / Word part lists / Self assessment tasks / Pronunciation / Glossary, a search engine
  • Dérivation : exemples et exercices interactifs (Yvan Baptiste)
  • Word Formation - (uottawa.ca)
    "The basic part of any word is the root; to it, you can add a prefix at the beginning and/or a suffix at the end to change the meaning." with examples
  • An illustrated approach to a bigger and better vocabulary - (wordfiles.info)
    Words, with Images, that are Mostly Derived from Latin and Greek Elements
    (roots, prefixes, and suffixes).
    ex : kleptomania :






FLASHCARDS :

 

 

INTERACTIVE exercises : Word formation - Compound words - Prefixes

Word formation :

  • Disability at work - interactive quiz - Test your understanding of word formation.
    (BBC)

 

 

  • Dérivation : exemples et exercices interactifs (Yvan Baptiste)
  • Word formation (1) Gap-Fill Exercise (kaleidovox.hu)
    ex : "Payment will be effected on ... of the goods. (to receive)"
    + page 2
  • Word formation - (flo-joe.co.uk)
    "Read the texts and then type the correct form of the word in CAPITALS to complete the gaps."
    + another page
  • HOW LUCKY ARE YOU? Word formation - (isabelperez.com)
    "Fill in all the gaps with a word derived from the word given in the clue."
  • Nouns From Adjectives - (a4esl.org)
    "Complete the sentences with a noun form corresponding to the adjective given in parentheses."
  • Nouns from Verbs - (a4esl.org)
    "Complete the sentences with a noun form corresponding to the verb given in parentheses."

 

Compound words :

 

Prefixes :

 

 

 

 

  • Prefixes - "Find out the word made of the prefix and the word under the picture." (Ghislaine Wulles)

 

  • Negative Prefixes - "Choose the best alternative, then check if your answer is correct." (a4esl.org)
  • Prefixes - "Drag the prefixes on the right to what it means." (manythings.org)
  • Prefixes - Matching exercise (manythings.org)
  • Prefixes "are added to the beginnings of words to change their meaning. (write101.com)
    Our common prefixes are: in, un, im, il, ir, dis.
    Add the correct prefix to the following words..." (interactive exercise A)

 

  • Word formation 3 - Gap-Fill Exercise - (kaleidovox.hu)
    "Add the right prefix to express a negative meaning : dis, im, in, ir, un"
  • Prefixes - (BBC)
    "Do you know the meanings of different prefixes and know when to use the right one? E.g. the mis in misfortune.
    Test your knowledge in this 3 level quiz."

 

Exercises TO PRINT :

  • un- prefixes - a worksheet (primaryresources.co.uk)

  • Saxon Place Names
    "When settlers came to Britain, they built villages and towns and gave them names.
    Use your maps of Sussex and East Anglia to find places with the endings below in them..."

    (primaryresources.co.uk)

 

  • Prefixes - activities to print
    (Primary Resources)

  • Double words (reduplicatives such as mumbo-jumbo and razzle-dazzle.) - with answers
    - a quiz to print
    (scribd.com)

 

Lesson plans :

  • 42: Etymology - a lesson (moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.fr)

 

 

WEBQUESTS :

 

INTERACTIVE games :

  • It's Greek to me! - Word Roots Game - interactive game - 2 levels
    (teacher.scholastic.com)

 

 

  • "You may not realize just how many American English words have Spanish origins.
    Can you find the words that come from Spanish? Play the game and find out!"
    (memory.loc.gov)

 

  • FISH TANKS - interactive game (sadlier-oxford.com)
    "Write the prefix, the base word, and the suffix of the word..."

  • Word origin. Why do the English eat "veal' and not "calf"?
    " First turn on your speaker and look at the animation to get the answer to the question
    and play the game."
    Activity created by: Renée Maufroid

 

  • Prefixes - "Match the prefixes with their meanings." - a game (manythings.org)

 

Cartoons : (Si le lien est inaccessible, enregistrer l'image pour obtenir la taille initiale.)

 

 

Poems :

  • The Wind - a poem (-ough and -aught)
    Si le lien n'aboutit pas directement au document, cliquer sur ENGLISH: Word Level: Spelling & Phonics (Part 2) / Other Word Groups
    (Primary Resources)

 

Videos :



Songs :

  • Wanna Live Forever? Become A Noun
    "Joseph Guillotin, Henry Shrapnel and Jules Leotard became immortal -- by entering the English language.
    But when your entire life is reduced to a single definition, the results are sometimes upsetting..."