History / Facts :
- Halloween decorations carry haunting message of forced labor - 23 December 2012
"The letter came in a box of Halloween decorations purchased at Kmart, but for a year Julie Keith never knew...
"If you occasionally buy this product, please kindly resend this letter to the World Human Right Organization. Thousands people here who are under the persecution of the Chinese Communist Party Government will thank and remember you forever."..."
- Human trafficking to UK 'rising'
"Trafficking gangs in China, Vietnam, Nigeria and eastern Europe now pose the biggest threat to the UK."
crime, street begging, illegal organ removals
The Underground Railroad
"was an informal network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th century Black slaves in the United States to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists who were sympathetic to their cause. The term is also applied to the abolitionists who aided the fugitives. Other various routes led to Mexico or overseas. Created in the early nineteenth century, the Underground Railroad was at its height between 1850 and 1860. One estimate suggests that by 1850, 100,000 slaves had escaped via the "Railroad". Canada was a popular destination with over 30,000 people arriving there to escape enslavement via the network at its peak, though US Census figures only account for 6,000."
The Fugitive Slave Act and the Underground Railroad
"In 1899, Harriet Tubman purchased a home in Auburn, New York. Tubman, after escaping slavery, lead, on 15 trips to the South, hundreds of Blacks to freedom, via The Underground Railroad, in the North and Canada.
This webpage discusses the Underground Railroad (UGRR). It was the Fugitive Slave Act which increased the necessity of the UGRR."
Black Peoples of America - How Slaves Lived
"Africans sold as slaves in the Americas had to rely on their owners providing them with housing or building materials, pots and pans for cooking and eating, food and clothing. Many slaves did the best they could with what they were given. Most did not dare complain for fear of receiving a whipping or worse punishment."
in NEW YORK (slaveryinnewyork.org)
NY Historical Society's exhibit on the years before NY abolition in
"The Education section provides materials written
for middle school children that include
a teacher's guide, informational articles, fact sheet, glossary,
photo cards, life stories, and more."
- Learn about the History of Slavery
around the world (school.discovery)
"Activities, puzzles and project ideas to boost the study of Slavery."
PowerPoint Presentations :
Photos, Paintings and Posters :
The Anti-Slavery Alphabet Primer
"1846, Hannah and Mary Townsend of the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society wrote a primer for the English alphabet. Staunch abolitionists, they made it very clear to children what the continuation of slavery in the United States meant..."
Tubman Vocabulary Quilt
"Here are some words we think are important for you to know
as you learn about Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad."
- with definitions and pictures
Lesson plans :
"Have a look at the article, story, word game, cartoon, trivia
- A webquest on SLAVERY
"Explore the ways that slavery has been woven into the fabric
of societies in America and around the world." (e-teacher)
- The Alphabet of Slavery
The poem was published in "The Poetry of Slavery, an Anglo-American anthology," 1764 - 1865.
Each letter of the alphabet vividly depicts one aspect of slavery from, "A is an African torn from his home" to "Zealously labour to set the Slaves free"."
Animations / Videos :
song by Bob Marley
"Old pirates, yes, they rob I;
Sold I to the merchant ships,
Minutes after they took I
From the bottomless pit...
Emancipate yourselves from mental slavery;
None but ourselves can free our minds."