"Tell me and I'll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I'll understand."
~ Chinese Proverb ~

(Updated on 06/02/2013)


'can' - 'could'

'may' - 'might'



'ought to'







and Idioms






Pages complémentaires :

Conditionnel -
Donner des Conseils - La Politesse - Suggérer
Les Panneaux - Les Directions

La Permission



Modaux :


Presentation - Listening -
Interactive exercises - Exercises to print - PowerPoint presentations - Lesson plans -
Stories / News
- Poems - Cartoons - Games to print - Videos


Presentation :


Listening :


INTERACTIVE exercises :

  • Modals - interactive quiz (
  • Listening comprehension (modal verbs) - (Michel Barbot)
    "6 different modal verbs (or modal forms) can be heard in this excerpt from the Starwars soundtrack.
    Play the audio file (as many times as you need), identify the modal verbs and type them in the boxes."
    (Michel Barbot)

  • Certainty - (sitasima)
    "Transformez les phrases en utilisant :
    MUST / CAN'T pour exprimer la certitude,
    MIGHT / COULD pour exprimer la probabilité." (+ photo)


Exercises TO PRINT :


  • A Question of Sport (kentschoolofenglish)
    - exercises with certain modal verbs and the vocabulary of sport
    to play / to go / to do


PowerPoint presentations :

  • New Year's Resolutions - will / won't / might / may
    A PowerPoint Presentation
    sent by Corinne DEGEZELLE (Ac. Reims)
    (A adapter selon les années et les élèves)


Lesson plans :


  • Bokeh: Modals for Speculation - a lesson with a movie segment
    "This is a great, intriguing movie that takes place in Iceland, a really beautiful country. 
    The story makes you reflect upon the meaning of life and relationships. A must see."


  • Sketch écrit par Céline Leconte (Ac. Orléans-Tours) pour les 4ème, rédigé à la suite de la séquence "Let's eat American style" de Enjoy 4è.
    Ce sketch est essentiellement axé sur les différentes façons de prendre et passer une commande: - could / would / will etc...
    Il inclut pas mal d'expressions types utilisées au resto (can I take your coats / enjoy your meal etc...)
    ainsi que du vocabulaire et est assez visuel dans sa mise en pratique (il faut pas mal de matériel pour le transformer en vrai sketch)
    mais il est utilisable très simplement et modifiable évidemment."

  • The Leftovers: Past Modals for Speculation - a lesson
    "This is the second post based on a TV series. The Leftovers is an intriguing HBO dramatic series and its first scene is perfect for modals for speculation."








  • Warm Bodie: Modal Verbs for Advice - a lesson plan with a video
    "This is an awesome movie. It is funny, but not stupid. I loved the way the story is told - from the point of view of the zombie. I recommend it."




  • Dark Skies: Past Modals for Speculation - a lesson plan
    "Dark Skies is a great thriller, but the ending is a bit disappointing. The movie gave me chills, which I love while watching thrillers. I recommend it.
    This is an intriguing scene, perfect for modals for speculation."


  • A Walk to Remember: Past Modals for Regrets - Should (Not) Have ... - a lesson plan
    "This is a teens classic. In a survey I conducted with my advanced level teenagers, this movie was their favorite one, according to the majority of students in my class. So I decided to see it and I agree with them. It is a very good film, indeed. This scene is perfect to talk about regrets, using past modals."



Stories / News :

  • RCMP investigate possible threat to athletes at Whistler
    "The Mounties should not have publicized the possible threat...
    There could be something...
    Security forces would be acutely sensitive to any potential threat against an athletes village in the Olympics...
    Prof. Byers said he could not speculate who the target of a threat might be...
    Police may have helped reduce fears of terrorism...
    People may have noticed when the police were searching."
  • Kate at the Zoo - a Flash story - utilisation de 'would', 'could', 'might' (



Poems :

  • What a poem's not
    "A poem is not a Coat
    but it may have some warmth in it.
    A poem is not a Dog
    but it might be quite a friend.
    A poem is not an Endless pair of trousers
    but it can be quite long... "




Cartoons : (Si le lien est inaccessible, enregistrer l'image pour obtenir la taille initiale.)

Obligations vestimentaires
Utiliser "can't / must"


Yes we might!



Games to print :


Videos :




'ought to' :


Pages complémentaires :

Donner des Conseils





'would' :


Interactive exercises
- Exercises to print -
Conversation Questions
- Songs


Pages complémentaires :

Conditionnel - 'used to'



INTERACTIVE exercises :



Exercises TO PRINT :

  • Conditionnel - What would you do if... ? ( - to print


Conversation Questions :


Songs :

  • Viva La Vida sung by Coldplay - Official video (YouTube)
    - with LYRICS on the right of the video :
    "I used to rule the world
    Seas would rise when I gave the word...
    Sweep the streets I used to own
    I used to roll the dice...
    Listen as the crowd would sing..."
  • Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down) by Nancy Sinatra :
    "I was five and he was six
    we rode on horses made of sticks
    he wore black and i wore white
    he would always win the fight...
    we used to play bang bang i shot you down bang...
    i used to shoot you down
    music played and people sang..."
    - the Video (YouTube) >

  • Son of a preacher man by Dusty Springfield :
    "That's when billy would take me walkin'
    A-through the back yard we'd go walkin'
    Then he'd look into my eyes..."



Songs :


  • Cocoon - "On My Way" - the lyrics
    "I am such a coward
    I could win an award
    You may not believe me
    But it would be ok

    - the VIDEO (YouTube)


  • Chasing Pavements sung by Adele
    "Should I give up
    or should I just keep chasing pavements...
    or would it be a waste
    even if I knew my place should I leave it there."

    - the VIDEO (YouTube)


  • THE HIGHWAY CODE - a song
    "A marching body on the road should keep on the left-hand side
    It should have look-outs at suitable distances at the front and rear
    And at night they should carry lights...
    When you have stepped off the kerb onto a Zebra Crossing
    Which must have black and white stripes...
    But allow approaching vehicles ample time to give way...
    Do not get on or off a bus or tram while it is moving..."



  • On the road again :
    "Just can't wait to get on the road again...
    Seein' things that I may never see again"


  • 7 Seconds by Youssou N'Dour :
    "There's a million voices
    To tell you what she should be thinking
    so you better
    sober up for a second"
  • All You Need Is Love by The Beatles :
    "There's nothing you can do that can't be done.
    Nothing you can sing that can't be sung.
    Nothing you can say but you can learn how to play the game
    It's easy.
    There's nothing you can make that can't be made.
    No one you can save that can't be saved."
  • Amazing by George Michael :
    "I was stitched up by the hands of fate...
    I was going down for the third time
    My heart was broken, I was not open to your suggestions
    I had so many questions...
    I think you should celebrate..."
  • Boredom - Procol Harum :
    "Some say they will and some say they won t
    Some say they do and some say they don t
    Some say they shall and some say they shan t
    And some say they can and some say they can t..."
  • Would (PAST) :
    Bus Stop by Hollies :
    "Every morning I'd see her waiting at the stop..."
  • Elusive Butterfly by Lind Bob (+ might / might have) :
    "It's only me pursuing somethin' I'm not sure of
    Across my dreams with nets of wonder
    I chase the bright elusive butterfly of love..."
  • Grace Kelly by Mika :
    'I could be brown...
    Should I bend over?
  • Heartbreaker By Dionne Warwick :
    "You got me cryin' Like
    I thought I would never be...
    How can I love you...
    Love should be everything or not at all...
    I could be searchin' my world...
    When will we meet again...
    Why do you have to be a heartbreaker..."
  • "I have to ... I can!"
    "Listen to the song ..., click the answers and see what score you got!"


  • In the year 2525 by Zager and Evans :
    "If woman can survive
    They may thrive...
    In the year 4545
    Ain't gonna need your teeth, won't need your eyes
    You won't find a thing to chew
    Nobody's gonna look at you...
    If God's a-comin' he ought to make it by then
    Maybe he'll look around himself..."


  • It Should Have Been Me by Andreas Johnson :
    "When the ring is on your finger, and he wants you to get undressed
    Will you fall into his arms, will you set his spirit free, will he ever get to know...
    It should have been me..."
  • Leaving New York by R.E.M. :
    "You might have laughed if I told you
    You might have hidden a frown
    You might have succeeded in changing me
    I might have been turned around...
    I might have lived my life in a dream"
  • Lonely Day by System of a Down :
    "Such a lonely day
    Should be banned
    It s a day that I can't stand...
    Such a lonely day
    Shouldn t exist"
  • Moonshadow by Cat Stevens :
    "Oh, if I ever lose my hands- Oh, if...
    I wont have to work no more...
    Yes if I ever lose my eyes, I won't have to cry no more...
    Oh if I ever lose my legs- Oh if... I won't have to walk no more...
    Yes, if I ever lose my mouth- Oh if... I won't have to talk...
    I'm being followed by a moon shadow"
  • Natural by S Club 7 :
    "come what may"
  • Real To Me by Brian McFadden :
    "Picnics in the garden
    and the children they can play...
    I'll raise my family and live in peace...
    wake up you might be dreaming"
  • Something Beautiful by Robbie Williams :
    "If you're lost, hurt, tired or lonely
    Can't control it try as you might
    May you find that love never leave you
    May you find it by the end of the day
    You WON'T be lost, hurt, tired or lonely
    Something beautiful will come your way"
  • Trick me by Kelis :
    "Said you might trick me once
    I won't let you trick me twice..."
  • You to me are everything by Real Thing :
    "Oohh I would take the stars out of the sky for you
    Stop the rain from falling if you asked me to
    I'd do anything for you, your wish is my command
    I could move a mountain when your hand is in my hand...
    The sweetest song that I can sing...
    So now you've got the best of me"
  • You took the words right out of my mouth - a song by Meat Loaf
    "On a hot summer night.
    Would you offer your throat to the wolf with the red roses?
    Will he offer me his mouth?
    Will he offer me his teeth?
    Wlll he offer me his jaws?...
    It must have been while you were kissing me"



Proverbes and Idioms :






  • Natural by S Club 7 :
    "come what may"
  • Bull By The Horns by Millencolin :
    "Well, if you can't solve your problems, got to make things happen
    You gotta take the bull by the horns"
    (Proverb : 'You must take the bull by the horns')



Videos :

  • School Rules: How They Help Us (1953)
    "Discusses rules and stresses the point that rules are ways of making life more pleasant, smooth and safe.