(Updated on 08/01/2014)







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Civilization (USA)



  • Lobby - with the pronunciation (
    "1: a corridor or hall connected with a larger room or series of rooms and used as a passageway or waiting room: as
    a: an anteroom of a legislative chamber ; especially : one of two anterooms of a British parliamentary chamber to which members go to vote during a division
    b: a large hall serving as a foyer (as of a hotel or theater)
    2: a group of persons engaged in lobbying especially as representatives of a particular interest group"
  • Lobbying (
    intransitive verb :
    to conduct activities aimed at influencing public officials and especially members of a legislative body on legislation
    transitive verb
    1 : to promote (as a project) or secure the passage of (as legislation) by influencing public officials
    2 : to attempt to influence or sway (as a public official) toward a desired action
  • Lobbying
    "includes all attempts to influence legislators and officials, whether by other legislators, constituents or organized groups. Governments often define and regulate organized group lobbying."

  • American Politics : Participation, Interest Groups, and Lobbying - Glossary (
    ex :
    "Trying to influence decision makers. Interest groups use lobbying as a tactic to pursue the interests of their members, but individuals, too, can lobby. Lobbying can be done directly or indirectly, and can be aimed at any branch or level of government."

    "One who tries to influence decision makers. The term originates from the physical layout of capitol buildings, where legislators deliberate in a chamber, and nonlegislators must gather outside the chamber, in the lobby. Thus, those trying to influence lawmakers came to be known as lobbyists."




  • Obama 'to curb role of lobbyists' (BBC)
    "US President-elect Barack Obama will introduce rules to restrict the role of lobbyists as he shapes his administration, says a senior official."
  • Interest Groups in American Politics - LINKS (
    "An interest group (also called an advocacy group, lobbying group, pressure group, or special interest) is a group, however loosely or tightly organized, that is determined to encourage or prevent changes in public policy without trying to be elected.
    The textbook used in class defines this as "An organization of people with shared ideas and attitudes who attempt to influence public policy."







  • Interest Groups Vocabulary Practice Quiz (
    "Match the definitions given by each numbered item ... with the correct term that is defined.
    When you're finished, click "submit" to find out your score, how well you know the vocabulary terms related to the role of interest groups in our democratic system."




  • Moyers on America . Capitol Crimes . Lesson Plan . Lobbying (PBS)

    Lesson Objectives :

    "By the end of this lesson, students will:

    • Brainstorm a list of strategies that citizens or organizations can use to influence the legislative process.
    • Discuss how lobbying activities might benefit a democracy.
    • Record a definition of "lobbying" and the Constitutional language protecting the right to lobby the government.
    • Analyze statistics related to dollars spent per year on professional lobbying.
    • Watch a video clip and discuss how violating U.S. House of Representatives ethics rules might affect the democratic process.
    • Write an essay describing the pros and cons of lobbying and the proper role of this practice in a democracy."


  • Whose special interests ? - The Role of "Special Interest Groups" in Legislation - a lesson plan (

    Objectives :

    "At the conclusion of this Lesson, students should be able to:

    • define the terms faction, interest group, association, lobbyist, political action committee.
    • identify and explain the concerns many citizens have with interest group politics.
    • identify the arguments in favor of interest group politics and lobbying
    • discuss the effects of interest group activities on legislation"




McCain Lobbyist Ties




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  • 'Miss Sloane'
    "is a 2016 political thriller film directed by John Madden and written by Jonathan Perera. The film stars Jessica Chastain, ...
    Elizabeth Sloane (Jessica Chastain) is a cutthroat lobbyist who has been called to appear at a congressional hearing led by Senator Ronald Sperling (John Lithgow) to answer questions about possible violations of Senate ethics rules during her tenure at Washington D.C. lobbying firm Cole Kravitz & Waterman."


    "In the high-stakes world of political power-brokers, Elizabeth Sloane (Jessica Chastain) is the most sought after and formidable lobbyist in D.C. Known equally for her cunning and her track record of success, she has always done whatever is required to win. But when she takes on the most powerful opponent of her career, she finds that winning may come at too high a price."