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EMPHASIS / EMPHATIC FORMS

(Updated on 06/02/2013)


 

 


Presentation -
Listening -
Interactive activities
- Cartoons

 

 

Presentation :

  • How to emphasize a situation/element (forum.wordreference.com) :
    • One must highlight
      One must emphasize
      One must underline
      One must bring attention to / you must draw your attention to

    • in particular.... / especially
  • Emphatic forms, sometimes called the emphatic tenses or emphatic mood, (Using English)
    are made with the auxiliary verb do in the present or past tense + the base form of the verb:
    "He doesn't work very hard."
    "I don't agree with you- he does work very hard."
    In the second sentence , the speaker uses the emphatic form does work as a way of contradicting the first speaker."
  • Emphasis (Wikipedia)
    "The dummy auxiliary do is used for emphasis in positive statements (see above):
    I do like this beer!"
  • Emphatic tenses (iscribe.org) :
    I do take medicine for an allergy." (present emphatic tense)
    I did take medicine for an allergy. (past emphatic)
    I will take allergy medicine. (future emphatic)

    "The emphatic form of the verb infers the speaker's degree of determination. The construction of the verb changes when the emphatic form is used. However, the sense of time does not change when the emphatic verb form is used in place of the less emphatic form.

    Emphatic tense is used in a popular ceremony.Question: Do you take this (person) to be your lawful wedded (spouse)?
    Answer: I do. (Emphatically, I do!)"

    You shall return.
  • Emphatic statements (ingilizceci.net)
    "In spoken English, words can be emphasized by being pronounced with a heavier stress than usual. This type of emphasis is usually indicated in written English by means of italics or underlining."

    "Emphatic statements are often used in conversation; for instance, when one speaker is contradicting another."
    e.g. "I don't believe he works very hard."
    "Yes, he does work hard."

    + Examples of emphatic statements in all of the present and past tenses.

    "Sometimes it is desired to emphasize a negative statement containing the word not."
  • Adverbs - Emphasizers (grammar.ccc.commnet.edu) :
    I really don't believe him.
    He literally wrecked his mother's car.
    She simply ignored me.
    They're going to be late, for sure.
  • Inversion of the verb after certain adverbs (visualesl.com)
    "Such adverbs (adverb phrases) can be placed first in a sentence or clause for emphasis.
    They are then followed by the interrogative (i.e. inverted ) form of the verb."
    See the examples.

 

Listening :

  • The emphatic 'do'
    - with the transcript
    "Our expert answers a question from site visitor Hossein about using the emphatic auxiliary 'do'."
    (BBC)

 

 

INTERACTIVE activities :

  • Quiz on Adverbs (grammar.ccc.commnet.edu)
    7. Select the most emphatic position for the adverbial modifier of this sentence.

 

 

Cartoons :

I DO understand
(Uncaring Cartoons
- cartoonstock.com)


I DO have fun

(Money Making Gifts
- cartoonstock.com)